LIST OF IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANTS AND THEIR USES

NB: (Fam – Family, T – Tree, H – Herb, C – Climber, S- shrub)
PlantCommon name / Maturity periodBotanical Name or FamilyParts UsedAverage Price( Rs. / Kg )Medicinal Use
Amla ( T )After 4th yearEmblica officinalis
Fam – euphorbiaceac
FruitRs 15 – 45/kgVitamin – C, Cough , Diabetes, cold, Laxativ, hyper acidity.
Ashok ( T )10 years onwardSaraca Asoca
Fam : Caesalpinanceac
Bark FlowerDry Bark Rs 125/kgMenstrual Pain, uterine, disorder, Deiabetes.
Aswagandha ( H ), One yearWithania Somnifera
Fam: Solanaccac
Root, LeafsRs 140/ KgRestorative Tonic, stress, nerves disorder, aphrodiasiac.
Bael / Bilva (T)After 4-5 yearAegle marmelous
Fam: Rutaccac
Fruit, BarkFruit – Rs 125 / kg
Pulp – Rs 60 / Kg
Diarrrhoea, Dysentry, Constipation.
Bhumi Amla ( H), with in one yearPhyllanthous amarus
Fam : euphorbiaccac
Whole PlantRs 40 / KgAenimic, jaundice, Dropsy.
Brahmi ( H ) Indian penny worth/one yearBacopa,Monnieri
Fam: Scrophulariaccac
Whole plantRs 20 per kgNervous, Memory enhancer,mental disorder.
Chiraita ( high altituted) with in one year ( H )Swertia Chiraita
Fam : Gentianaccac
Whole PlantRs 300-350 / per kgSkin Desease, Burning, censation, fever.
Gudmar / madhunasini, after Four year ( C )Gymnema Sylvestre
Fam: Asclepiadaccac
LeavesRs 50 -75 per kgDiabetes, hydrocil, Asthama.
Guggul ( T)after 8 yearsCommiphora Wightii
Fam: burseraccac
Gum rasineRs 80 – 100 per kgRheuma tised, arthritis, paralysis, laxative.
Guluchi / Giloe ( C )With in one yearTinospora CordifoliaFamStemRs 20 – 25 per kgGout, Pile, general debility, fever, Jaundice.
Calihari / panchanguliaGlori Lily Five yearsGloriosa superba
Fam: Liliaccac
Seed, tuberRs 60Skin Desease, Labour pain, Abortion, General debility.
Kalmegh/ Bhui neem ( H ) with in one yearAndrographis PaniculataFam : scanthaccacWhole PlantRs 12 – 20Fever, weekness, release of gas.
Long peeper / Pippali ( C ) after two to three yearsPeeper longum
Fam : Piperaccac
Fruit, RootRs 100 – 150 per kg
Root – 150 per kg
Appetizer, enlarged spleen , Bronchities, Cold, antidote.
Makoi ( H )Kakamachi/ With in one yearSolanum nigrum
Fam: Solanaccac
Fruit/whole plantRs 40 per kg
Seed – 200 per kg
Dropsy, General debility,Diuretic, anti dysenteric.
Pashan Bheda / Pathar Chur ( H )One yearColeus barbatus
Fam : Lamiaccac
RootRs 40-50 per kgKidny stone, Calculus.
Sandal Wood ( T )Thirty years onwardSantalum Album
Fam: santalinaccac
Heart wood , oilRs 350 per kgSkin disorder, Burning, sensation, Jaundice, Cough.
Sarpa Gandha ( H )After 2 yearRanwolfia Serpentina
Fam: apocynaccac
RootRoot – Rs 60 per kg
Seed – Rs 300 per kg
Hyper tension, insomnia.
Satavari ( C )After 2-3 yearAsparagus Racemosus
Family: liliaccac
Tuber, rootRs 20 -50 per kgEnhance lactation, general weekness, fatigue, cough.
Senna - Casia augustifoliaSenna ( S )With in 1 yearCasia augustifolia
Fam: Liliaceae
Dry TubersRs 500/kg seed
Rs1200/kg dry
Rheumatism, general debility tonic, aphrodisiac.
Tulsi - Tulsi (perennial) Each 3 monthsOcimum sanclum
Fam: Lamiaccac
Leaves/SeedLeaves Rs 10/kgCough, Cold, bronchitis,expectorand.
Vai Vidanka ( C ), 2nd year onwardEmbelia Ribes
Fam: Myrsinaccac
Root, Fruit, LeavesRs 40-50 per kgSkin disease, Snake Bite, Helminthiasis.
Pippermint ( h) PerennialMentha pipertia
Fam:Lamiaccac
Leaves, Flower, OilDigestive, Pain killer.
Henna/Mehdi ( S ) 1/25 yearsLawsennia iermis
Fam: lytharaceae
Leaf,Flower, SeedL – 50 /kgPowder-Rs75 perkgBurning, Steam, Anti Imflamatary.
Gritkumari ( H) 2nd-5th yrAloe Verra
Fam: Liliaceae
LeavesFresh L- Rs 5 kgJuice 90 Per KgLaxative, Wound healing, Skin burns & care,Ulcer.
Sada Bahar ( H ) Periwinkle/NyantaraVincea rosea/ catharanthusRoseus
Fam :apocyanace
Whole PlantR-Rs50 per kgL- Rs 25S- Rs 10 kgLeaukamia, Hypotensiv, Antispasmodic , Atidot.
Vringraj ( H )Eclipta alba
Fam: Compositae
Seed/wholePowder-Rs 60/kgAnti-inflamatory, Digestive, hairtonic.
Plumbago ZeylanicaSwet chitrak
Perennial ( h )
Plumbago Zeylanica
Fam: Plumbaginaceae
Root, RootbarAppetiser, Antibacterial, Aticacer.
Plumbago IndicaRakta Chitrak ( H )Plumbago Indica
Fam : plumbaginaceae
Root, Root barIndyspeipsia, colic, imflammation, cough.
Strychinos nuxvomicaKochila ( T )15 yrsStrychinos nuxvomica
Fam: loganiaceae
SeedNervous, Paralysis, healing wound.
Terminalia ChebulaHarida ( T )Terminalia Chebula
Fam: Combretaceae
SeedRs. 80 per K
Powder
Trifala, wound ulcer, leprosy, inflammation, Cough.
Terminalia BellericaBahada (T)TerminaliaBellerica
Fam:comretaceae
Seed, BarkFruit – Rs 20/k
Powder- Rs 100/k
Cough, Insomnia, Dropsy, Vomiting, Ulcer, Trifala.
Tribulus TerrestrisGokhur ( H ) CrawlingPuncture Vine/1 yrTribulus Terrestris
Fam: Lygophyllaceae
Whole PlantPlant-Rs 10/K
Fruit -Rs 15/k
Sweet cooling, Aphrodisiac, appetizer, Digestive, Urinary.
Azardirchata – indicaNeem ( T )Azardirchata – indica
Fam : Mahaceae
RhizomeRs 45/kSdedative, analgesic, epilepsy, hypertensive.
Hemibi smus IndicusAnantamool/sariva ( S )Indian Sarap sarillaHemibi smus Indicus
Fam: Asclepiadaceae
Root/ LeafRs 45/k root
Rs 90/kPowder
Appetiser, Carminative, aphrodisiac, Astringent.
Acorus CalamusBach ( H )
Sweet Flag/1 yr
Acorus Calamus
Fam : araceae
RhizomeRs 45/KSdedative, analgesic, tpilepsy, hypertensive.
Adhatoda vesicaVasa ( S )Adhatoda vesica
Fam : Sacanthaceae
Whole PlantLeaf – Rs 25/ kAntispasmodic, respiratory, Stimulant.
Mesua FerreaNageswar ( T ) Nag ChampaMesua Ferrea
Fam : Guttiferae
Bark, Leaf, FlowerFlower – Rs 120/k
Powder Rs 175/k
Asthma, Skin, Burning, Vomiting, Dysentry, Piles.
Vetiveria ZiziinoidesBenachar ( S ) Khus/khusVetiveria Ziziinoides
Fam : Toaceae / Graminae
RootFlower – Rs 120/k
Powder Rs 175/k
Hyperdisia, Burning, ulcer, Skin, Vomiting.
Mandukparni ( H )
Indianpennywort
Centella asiatica
Fam : Umdelliferae
Whole plantAntiinflamatory, Jundice, Diuretic, Diarrhoea.
Kaincha/CreeperBaidankaMucuna Truriens
Fam : Fabaceae
Root, Hair, Seed, LeafNervous, Disorder, Constipation, Nephroaphy, Strangury, Dropsy.
Dalchini
Perenial Shrub
Cinnamomum Zeylanicum
Fam : Lauraceae
Bark, OilBronchitis, Asthma, Cardiac, Disorder, Fever.
Kurai ( S )Holorheena antidysentrica
Fam:apocyaceaceae
Bark, SeedScabies, Antipyretic, Amoibic dysentery.
Kantakari / AkrantiPerennial ( H )Solanum Xanthocarpum
Fam : Solanaceae
Whole Plant, Fruit, SeedDiuretic, Antiinflamatory, Appetiser, Stomachic.